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FRANCE, French Towns & Villages

FRANCE, French Towns & Villages

While we love Paris for its world-class restaurants, cafés and museums, there’s plenty more to see in France than just the capital. The country’s towns and villages have beauty to rival any major city in the world, with hilltop villages and views, flower-lined canals, medieval fortresses (some are hundred-years old), adorned gardens and pastel buildings pulled straight from the pages of a storybook. Thanks to the country’s high-speed trains and easy-to-navigate roads, each location here is just an easy day trip away from… wherever you are. From wine country to the Alps, here are 21 of the most beautiful small towns in France.

No. 1. COLLIOURE

Close to the border of Spain in western France, the captivating village of Collioure lies in between a bay off the Mediterranean Sea and the rocky Pyrenees mountains.

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Collioure was a big draw for artists including Picasso, Matisse, Andre Derain, Georges Braque, and Salvadore Dali. The Fauvism art movement was started in Collioure in the early 20th century because of its special light. There are 19 specific locations around the village with replicas of the original paintings that were painted on the sites, along with the view the artist captured. The Collioure Museum of Modern Art, inaugurated in 1930 by artist Jean Peske, exhibits works by Cocteau, Camoin, Pignon, Balbino Giner, and Descossy.

Local delicacies are anchovies (you can visit a factory where the anchovies are still hand packed in jars), the Crunchy Collioure, a cake prepared with either almonds or chocolate chips, and Banyuls, a sweet red wine with a high alcohol concentration.

There are a number of pebble beaches in Collioure (make sure to bring rubber shoes) and the water in summer is warm enough to swim in.

The centerpiece of the village is the Royal Castle, built in 673, which was updated in medieval times and the late 1600s and hosts various events during the year such as a theater festival, dance performances, and an antiques fair.

Other historic attractions to visit in Collioure are the Church of Our Lady of the Angels, built in 1684; a 14th century bell tower; the oldest mill in the region from 1337; and the 2,100-foot high Madeloc Tower from the 13th  century, which was a former signal tower with expanded views of the Roussillon coastline.


No. 2. AUVERS-SUR-OISE

Less than an hour from Paris, you can be whisked away to Auvers-sur-Oise, the village where Van Gogh painted his last masterpieces before he died. After leaving an asylum in Provence in 1890, Van Gogh wanted to be closer to his brother Theo, who lived in Paris, so he settled into a tiny room at an inn in Auvers-sur-Oise. His physician, Dr. Gachet, was also his patron and paid for Van Gogh’s expenses so he could paint freely without worrying about money. In the 70-day period before his death on 29 July 29 1890, the prolific Van Gogh turned out an astonishing 78 paintings. Many of Van Gogh’s most iconic paintings, including the Portrait of Dr. Gachet and The Church at Auvers, were painted in Auvers-sur-Oise. Today, you can visit Van Gogh’s room at the Auberge Ravoux, and you can also dine in the restaurant on the main floor, which has a Van Gogh inspired menu. There’s also a theater in the same building which screens a short documentary about Van Gogh’s time in the village, plus a gift shop. The Auvers-sur-Oise cemetery has a double tombstone for Vincent and his brother Theo, who died a few months later.

The Chateau d’Auvers is a gorgeous 17th century chateau with a formal French garden with sculpted hedges. Also in town, the Absinthe Museum traces the history of the controversial and popular drink from the late 1800s, which was eventually banned because of its hallucinogenic effects on the drinker. Artists Paul Cezanne, Camille Pissarro, and Corot also painted in Auvers-sur-Oise. Pro Tip: Auvers-sur-Oise is an easy day trip from Paris and reachable by commuter train from the Gare du Nord station.


No. 3. COLMAR

Picturesque Colmar has a neighborhood known as “Little Venice” i.e. small canals that cut elegant lines, candy-colored houses. Some people believe the town was the model for Belle’s village in Disney’s “Beauty and the Beast”. Colmar is a delightful village in the Alsace Lorraine area of northeast France, near the German border. The ancient district of Colmar is dotted with 14th century half-timbered houses with facades painted in marigold, rust, periwinkle, soft pink, orange, and mint green with matching and contrasting wood shutters. Called the Venice of Alsace, Colmar has a network of canals through the old part of the town. In warmer weather, cruises in rowboats run up and down the canals, where you get a view of the backs of the houses, which are decorated with vines and summer flowers.A historic 13th century Dominican convent has been converted into the Unterlinden Museum, a showplace for gothic and renaissance art treasures. The Toy Museum of Colmar has an extensive collection of over 1,000 toys from the 19th century to the present day.

Colmar is equally as wonderful in winter as in summer. The six Christmas markets are some of the best in the region, with wood huts selling local crafts, clothing, and holiday decorations plus mulled wine, grilled sausages, and cakes and candies. Other holiday attractions include choirs singing on illuminated boats drifting on the canals and an ice-skating rink in the center of town. Pro Tip: Colmar is an easy 30-minute train ride from Strasbourg.


No. 4. KAYSERSBERG

In 2017, the tiny, cobblestoned village was voted the country’s favorite village in “Village préféré des Français”, a TV program that polls citizens every year to crown a winner. Kaysersberg with its friendly locals, walkable streets, and varied architecture, like the 14th century Oberhof Chapel and historic Château de Kaysersberg.

No. 5. SAINT EMILION

Bordeaux may be the world’s most important wine region… and the medieval town of Saint-Émilion was named UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999, thanks to its exceptional landscape and historic monuments. The town’s winding, hilly streets and limestone houses attract visitors with only a casual interest in wine, although serious oenophiles should also try to visit the prestigious Chateau La Dominique vineyard.

No. 6. VILLEFRANCHE-SUR-MER

Located along the Cote d’Azur, Villefranche-sur-Mer is the quiet fishing village summer dreams are made of. Spend lazy afternoons sipping coffee and enjoying the ocean breeze, and make sure to stop by Chapelle St-Pierre, a small 14th century chapel on the Quai Corbet. While the pink exterior is charming enough, it’s the church’s interior that will wow you: The walls are covered with vivid, mystical frescoes painted by Jean Cocteau, the prolific French artist who spent many summers in Villefranche-sur-Mer.


No. 7. GORDES

Yet another hilltop stunner, Gordes is easily one of the most charming towns in all of France. The elevated location makes it one of the best places in Provence to watch the sunset, an excellent home base for seeking out lavender fields during the summer months. It’s only a 10-minute drive from the town center to Sénanque Abbey, a 12th century church famous for its endless stretches of purple blooms.


No. 8. ROUSSILLON

Some cities are known for their connection to a specific color, like pink in Jaipur …. Roussillon, sitting atop one of the world’s largest ochre deposits, has plenty of the mineral’s reddish hue on display on buildings and the dramatic cliffs nearby.


No. 9. ROCAMADOUR

Rocamadour stands out with its spectacular views over the Alzou canyon. The one-street town is known for its cliffside collection of religious buildings, including Chapelle Notre Dame with its famous Black Madonna statue.


No. 10. EZE

For a more subdued Riviera experience, bypass Nice and Cannes for Èze, whose rocky hillside perched at 427m above the sea makes for stunning views of the Mediterranean. After a dizzying hike to the town’s summit, enjoy a well-deserved meal at La Chèvre d’Or, a two-starred Michelin restaurant helmed by chef Arnaud Faye.

Towering 1,400 feet above the Mediterranean Sea over the Cote d’Azur in the south of France, Eze is the quintessential French village. Be prepared to climb steep steps and pathways to get to the top. It’s absolutely worth it because, among other things, you will be rewarded with the Exotic Garden which has jaw-dropping 360-degree views and an extensive selection of cactus plants. Along the way, you can ease your climb by stopping at art galleries with works by local artists, gift boutiques, restaurants, and food shops and bakeries.

The Chapelle de la Sainte Croix, erected in 1306, is the oldest building in Eze; here the brotherhood of white penitents, who wore white robes, assisted victims of the plague.


No. 11. ETRETAT

A seaside village in Normandy that has one of the most stunning landscapes in all of France, Etretat should be at the top of your list. The dramatic chalk cliffs, some as high as 300 feet, with three natural arches, make for jaw-dropping views you may not be able to take your eyes off. The rugged, natural beauty has been a magnet for artists including Monet, who painted a series of the cliffs at different times of the day and seasons, Eugene Boudin, and Gustave Courbet.

The last episode of the mega-hit French TV series “Lupin” takes place in Etretat. The series is based on the beloved novels from the early 1900s about a character named Arsene Lupin, a gentleman thief. The author of the books, Maurice Leblanc, maintained a house in Etretat, which is now a museum that hosts a tour of the eight stages of the story connected to its turn-of-the-century interior.

In Etretat, enjoy the freshest local mussels cooked in white wine and authentic crepes prepared with buckwheat flour at the many small cafes and seaside restaurants. A special treat is the Etretat Gardens, an enchanting garden with intriguing stone sculptures scattered among the grounds and an exceptional view of the cliffs.

Pro Tip: There are a number of steep inclines in Etretat. Make sure you bring rubber shoes if you go to the beach, which has stones both on the beach and in the water.


No. 12. GIVERNY

Giverny is a small village on the border of Normandy most famous for being the site of Claude Monet’s cherished riverside house and garden, open to the public. The pastel pink house is pretty as a picture, with spring green shutters and ivy crawling up every surface. And the gardens are an impressionist painting come to life, with water lilies, weeping willows, wisterias, and the famous green Japanese bridge.


No. 13. BAYEUX

Bayeux is best known for the 11th century tapestry bearing its name, and it was the first town liberated by the Allies after they landed on Normandy beach in 1944. As a result, its appeal is a mix of the classic – Norman-Gothic Bayeux Cathedral that dominates the skyline; and the more contemporary – a somber, minimalist World War II cemetery.


No. 14. CHAMONIX

Chamonix’s proximity to Mont Blanc has made it one of Europe’s most legendary skiing and climbing centers. But the town itself, with panoramic mountain views and rows of slant-roofed buildings, is lovely every month of the year.


No. 14. ANNECY

Sometimes called “the Venice of Savoie,” this lakeside Alpine town is treasured for its sloping hillsides, stone bridges over the canals that wind their way through the cobblestone streets and its pastel-colored facades.


No. 16. VOUVANT

Vouvant is nestled at the north end of a forest, which gives the town a fairytale feel. Going here can feel like stepping back in time—the village still has some of the original fortifying walls around it, and a 14th century bridge crosses the Loire River, which cuts through town.


No. 17. CARCASSONNE

The Languedoc region is like nowhere else in France, thanks to its sun-baked beaches, forested peaks, and density of vineyards. It’s perhaps best exemplified by the medieval town of Carcassonne. Overlooking the river Aude, the town’s main lure is La Cité, a 10th century citadel complete with ramparts and drawbridge.


No. 18. AMIENS

Amiens is a charming and welcome respite from metropolitan Paris (with just a 2-hour drive). While Amiens is primarily known for its stunning Gothic cathedral, you must also visit les hortillonnages, a series of floating gardens you can explore via small boats on surrounding canals.


No. 19. GERBERROY

Often cited as one of the most beautiful villages in France, Gerberoy is a hillside village in the mostly flat Picardie, an un-touristy region about 90 minutes from Paris. In spring and summer, Gerberoy is a wonderland of flowers, gardens, wisteria-festooned walls and doorways. The quaint half-timber houses and cottages with sloping brick roofs line the winding cobblestone walls in the pedestrian-friendly village.

In the late 1800s, upon advice from sculptor Auguste Rodin, artist Henri le Sidaner settled in Gerberoy, built a stately home, and planted an Italian style garden on three tiers of the property. Each tier is monochrome: the white flower garden, red rose garden, and blue garden. Today the gardens are open to the public.

Another lovely spot in Gerberoy is Du Jardin des Ifs, a former home converted into a restaurant and garden space. The enchanted gardens have elaborately sculpted topiaries in shapes like oversized hats, plus a separate herb and vegetable garden, and a circular pond. The owner Delphine Higgonet recently inherited the private property from her mother and has opened the gardens and the house to the public. The restaurant is seasonally opened from approximately April to October, with indoor and outdoor service, and it serves lunch and tea and cakes. Menu ingredients are locally sourced and some of the produce is from their own garden.


No. 20. VEZELAY

The medieval hilltop town of Vézelay is a can’t-miss stop on any Burgundy road trip. Make sure your detour includes a visit to the aptly-named Vézelay Abbey to admire sweeping views of the surrounding countryside.


No. 21. CLUNY

Cluny’s biggest draw is the 10th century monastery that first gave the town its fame—and for good reason. With its imposing brick-and-stone facades and marvelous religious statues, Cluny Abbey contrasts beautifully with the long stretches of green farmland in the surrounding Burgundy countryside.


https://www.travelawaits.com/2561809/gorgeous-french-villages/

https://www.cntraveler.com/galleries/2016-06-16/the-10-most-beautiful-small-towns-in-france

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