What is Earthship?
An Earthship is a style of architecture developed in the late 20th century to early 21st century by architect MICHAEL REYNOLDS. Earthships are designed to behave as passive solar earth shelters made of both natural and upcycled materials such as earth-packed tires.
The Earthship is an autonomous self-sufficient house built with natural and recycled materials with energy conservation in mind. Designed to produce water, electricity, and food for its own use. Earthships are defined by six basic design principles, all of which take advantage of the existing natural phenomena of the earth: building with natural and repurposed materials, using thermal and solar heating and cooling, solar- and wind-generated electricity, water harvesting, contained sewage treatment and self-sustained food production.
BUILDING WITH NATURAL AND REPURPOSED MATERIALS
Earthships incorporate many natural and reclaimed materials in their construction. Used Automobiles Tires are the perfect form for a rammed-earth brick. There’s no shortage of USED TIRES—at least 2.5 billion are currently stockpiled in the United States, with 2.5 million more discarded every year. Tires can be seen as a globally available “NATURAL RESOURCE.” Other materials such as CANS and BOTTLES are optional, although bottle brick walls are a familiar stand-out feature of many Earthships. All interior walls are packed out between the tires and plastered with adobe MUD. Mud can also be used for floors, and reclaimed WOOD and metal are often used.
Global Model Earthships have been built in France, Germany, Mexico, Canada and across the United States. For more Details, please click on the below link:
AIR FRANCE – KLM Air France-KLM hikes fares for sustainable flights:As from the beginning of 2022, French regulations will require the incorporation of an average of 1% Sustainable Aviation Fuel on flights departing from France. A “Sustainable Aviation Fuel” contribution will be included in the price of each ticket from 10 January, from €1 to €4 in the Economy cabin and from €1.50 to €12 in the Business cabin, depending on the distance.
Air France #AF342 A350-900 is partially using used cooking oil as fuel from Paris to Montreal.
At 3:40 p.m. today (18 May 2021), Air France Flight 342 took off from Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport’s Terminal 2E for Montreal with its tanks filled for the first time with sustainable aviation fuel produced in Total’s French plants.
Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is a blend of conventional aviation fuel (JET-A1) and biojet fuel made from waste and residue sourced from the circular economy (animal fat, used cooking oil, etc.).
The biofuel used for this flight was made from waste and residue sourced from the circular economy. Total produced the SAF from used cooking oil at its La Mède biorefinery in southern France and at its Oudalle factory near Le Havre, without using any virgin plant-based oil.
For more details: https://www.airlive.net/air-france-af342-a350-900-is…/
from the States to Latin America; from Europe to Asia…
RUSSIA: Spice Up Your Champagne. Write a wish down on a piece of paper, burn it, and add the ashes on your Champagne. Cheers!
GREECE: Hang an onion on the front door of homes as a symbol of rebirth in the New Year.
GERMANY & AUSTRIA: Offer lucky charms to bring good fortune e.g. pigs, mushrooms, clovers, chimney sweeps. They could be bought at a Christmas market or edible made out of marzipan.
BELGIUM: Walloon and Flemish farmers rise early on January 1st to wish a “Happy New Year” to all the cows, horses, pigs, chickens and other farm animals. That way, they’ll have a good farming year.
SPAIN: Eat 12 grapes – one at each stroke of the clock at midnight on New Year’s Eve. Each grape represents good luck for one (1) month of the coming year. Madrid and Barcelona, people gather in main squares to eat their grapes together and pass around bottles of cava.
DENMARK: Throw old plates and glasses against the doors to banish bad spirits. Also, stand on chairs and jump off at midnight to “leap” into January in hopes of good luck.
FINLAND: Cast molten tin into a container of water thus interpreting the shape of the metal after it hardens. E.g. heart/ring is wedding; ship is travel; pig is food.
IRELAND: Christmas bread banging to chase bad spirits out of the house.
SCOTLAND: New Year’s Eve celebration of Hogmanay, … Scots also hold bonfire ceremonies where people parade while swinging giant fireballs on poles, symbolizing the sun to purify the coming year.
USA: Singing “Auld Lang Syne” to greet the New Year, and eating black-eyed peas for good luck. (Song: www.youtube.com/watch?v=acxnmaVTlZA)
BRAZIL: In Brazil, everyone wears white for good luck and peace. In Latin America (e.g. Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela): wear special underwear on New Year’s Eve. i.e. red color for love; yellow for money.
PANAMA: Burn effigies (muñecos) of well-known people such as television characters and political figures in Panama.
CUBA: toss buckets of water out the door to signify renewal.
PUERTO RICO: Dump a bucket of water out the window drives away evil spirits; and sprinkle sugar outside houses to invite the good luck in.
COLOMBIA: In hopes of a travel-filled new year, residents of Colombia carry empty suitcases around the block.
TURKEY: pomegranates are symbols of abundance. Smash it on your doorstep e.g. the more pieces there are and farther they spread, the more prosperous you will be. And for a little extra luck, sprinkle salt to bring peace.
PHILIPPINES: Round Shapes like coins to symbolize prosperity in the coming year. Many also wear Polka Dots for luck.
SINGAPORE: decorates its Singapore River with the wishing spheres containing the hopes and dreams of new year revellers.
JAPAN: It’s traditional to eat “Toshikoshi Soba,” a dish with long, buckwheat noodles which symbolize longevity and resilience.
MAKE A RESOLUTION: This tradition dates back 4,000 years ago. Historians believe Babylonians — one of the first cultures to celebrate the changing of the year — made promises to pay debts or return borrowed objects.
MAKE A FISH DISH: Fish is considered another good New Year’s entrée, since fish only swim in one direction — forward, like the movement of time.
OPEN THE DOORS AND WINDOWS to let the old year out, and the new year in unimpeded.
Egypt officially opened a road lined with hundreds of 3,000-year-old sphinx statues in an evening ceremony at Karnak Temple featuring Pharaonic chariots and hundreds of performers in Luxor on November 25, 2021.
The nearly 3km (1.86 miles) ancient road, which took decades to excavate, will help improve access between the temples of Karnak and Luxor.It’s taken decades to excavate ancient walkway, which is nearly 3km long and connects two of the city’s greatest temples.The ceremony incorporated elements of the ancient festival which travelled the route each year. It also included music inspired by stories written on the walls of the temples in hieroglyphics. Egypt hopes the event will boost its ailing tourism sector, battered by political turmoil and the pandemic.
Dubai Sites to See, Things to Do
|Burj Khalifa||Ski Dubai|
|Burj Al Arab||Aquarium & Underwater Zoo|
|Dubai Mall||Aqua Venture Water Park|
|Dubai Frame||The Lost Chambers Aquarium|
|Dubai Fountain||Legoland Dubai|
|Water Canal||Dubai Dolphinarium|
|World Island||Dubai Safari Park|
|Palm Island||Wild Wadi Water Park|
|Ain Dubai||Al Fahidi Historical District|
|Garden Show||Bollywood Parks|
|Butterfly Garden||Dubai Parks & Resorts|
|Miracle Garden||The Green Planet|
|Montiongate Dubai||Skydive Dubai|
|IMG World of Adventure||ZLine Dubai Marina|
|Madinat Jumeirah||Kite Beach|
|Dubai Creek||JBR Beach|
|Museum of the Future||Jumeirah Beach|
|Heritage Village||Jumeirah Mosque|
|Opera||Laguna Water Park|
Dubai’s fascinating transformation from quaint fishing village surrounded by vast desert planes to a thriving cultural melting pot is one that many residents – and visitors – are well versed in. Dubai, a city of wonders, continues to stand out with its record-breaking engineering marvels. One could call it the world’s most “superlative-filled” town, boasting the world’s tallest building, the world’s fastest rollercoaster, the world’s longest zipline, along with many others.
Dubai is Larger Than Life
Dubai’s goal seems to be to constantly have the biggest and best of everything. Its hotels try to be the most luxurious on earth, including what’s said to be the best hotel in the world: The Burj Al-Arab. And on top of that, the city has one of the largest indoor malls in the world, one of the biggest aquariums, the biggest automated fountain, the tallest hotel, and one of the largest indoor ski slopes…
- The Burj Khalifa, can be seen from 95 km away and is 163 stories high, is the tallest building in the world. With a total height of 830 m the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest structure and building in the world since its inception in 2009. It has as well, one of the fastest elevators in the world. It boasts more than 160 stories and seven world records. People living on the higher levels have to wait approximately two minutes longer for the sun to set before they can break fast during Ramadan.
- The Burj Al Arab hotel uses enough gold to cover the Mona Lisa Painting 46,265 Times. The interior of the Burj Al Arab is decorated with around 1,790 square meters of 24-carat gold leaf; that’s equivalent to seven (7) full-sized tennis courts! Dubbed the world’s first seven-star hotel, the sail-shaped Burj Al Arab is located on its own private island, accessed via a private bridge.
- Dubai is developing a new skyscraper named ‘The Tower’ that’s inspired by the mythical hanging gardens of Babylon and will be taller than the current tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa.
- Standing at an impressive 75 floors, the 4-star Gevora Hotel is the world’s tallest hotel; at a 356 metres tall i.e. 50 metres taller than The Shard in London, and 56 metres taller than Paris’ Eiffel Tower. JW Marriott Marquis is the world’s tallest five star hotel at 355 metres.
- Dubai’s Artificial Palm Islands use enough sand to fill 2.5 Empire State Buildings. Its construction required 94 million cubic meters of sand; whilst the Empire State Building only 37 million cubic meters. In fact, the amount of rock and sand used here could form a 2-meter wide wall that would circle the globe three times! Man-made Palm Jumeirah spans 600 hectares of land and is made from all-natural materials. The Palm Jumeirah can be seen from space.
- The Dubai Fountain is the world’s largest choreographed fountain system; choreographed by the masterminds behind The Bellagio’s dancing water show in Las Vegas.
- Dubai Is Building the World’s Largest Retail and Entertainment Destination. The Dubai Square, will be equivalent to the size of 100 football fields! It is inspired by the world’s best shopping destinations such as London’s Oxford Street and Los Angeles’ Beverly Hills. Link: https://youtu.be/5lDlM8vqHaw.
- Dubai deepest swimming pool on the planet, complete with a “sunken city” for divers to explore. Deep Dive Dubai prides itself as the only diving facility in the world where you can go down 60 meters, 15 meters deeper than any other pool, as confirmed to Agence France-Presse (AFP) by Guinness World Records. The pool contains 14.6 million liters (3.8 million gallons) of fresh water, a volume equivalent to six Olympic-size swimming pools.
- The United Arab Emirates is considering proposals for an artificial mountain that could help increase the country’s rainfall. Researchers are exploring different approaches to creating more rain in the country, according to reports. One option is to construct an artificial mountain, which would increase cloud production and make it possible to create rain on demand. The UAE government spent a reported $558,000 (£400,000) on cloud seeding. The experiments are believed to have played a part in record rainfall, which was also accompanied by thunderstorms and strong winds.
- Dubai attracts a wealth of Michelin-star and celebrity chefs.
- 25% of All Cranes in the World Were Once Located in Dubai.
- Dubai Loves Gold: There are ATMs in Dubai that dispense gold bars! More than 25% of the world’s physical gold passed through Dubai. Dubai’s holds a world record for making the longest gold chain that measures 5,522 meters!
- Dubai is the fourth (4th) most visited city in the world after London, Paris and Bangkok.
- The Police Force in Dubai uses Super Cars, such as the Ferrari FF (US$ 500,000), Lamborghini Aventador (US$ 397,000) and an Aston Martin One-77 (US$ 1.79 million). And they hold a world record for the fastest police car; a Bugatti Veyron which they purchased for US$ 1.6 million!
- Roughly 85 Percent of Dubai’s Population Is Foreign.
- In Dubai Robots are replacing illegal child labor in Camel Racing. They cost anywhere from $300 to $10,000.
- The Lost Chambers Aquarium – located in Atlantis, The Palm – is home to more than 65,000 marine animals and offers a host of interactive experiences.
- Dubai is always at the forefront of innovation, and that is further emphasized with the city’s new 3D Printing Strategy. The city aims to exploit 3D technology and says that by 2030, 25% of its buildings will be 3D printed.
- Dubai Water Canal is a 3.2km long waterway which winds its way from the creek through Business Bay. A top romantic spot, the canal includes a mechanical waterfall as well as five pedestrian bridges that offer great vantage points.
- Talking of breaking records, once completed, the Ain Dubai observation wheel is set to become the largest and highest in the world, taking Las Vegas’ high roller’s crown.
- Dubai Metro was the longest automated rail network in the world, but currently was demoted to third place.
- Dubai has been awarded more than 130 Guinness World Records. These include 3 for Dubai Miracle Garden; and no less than 11 for the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Weirder and wonderful achievements include fastest police car in service, most people to parachute from a balloon simultaneously and longest underwater live radio broadcast.
- It wasn’t until 2015 that Dubai started assigning so-called Makani numbers – a unique 10-digit code – to all buildings to help identify them.
- You Pay No Income Tax in Dubai.
- Tourists can now apply for a licence to fly their drones around landmarks in Dubai. After registering online, tourists will receive a certificate that is subject to an in-house validation of their skills.
- The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a dedicated Minister for Happiness, who’s in charge of (unsurprisingly) promoting happiness among residents in Dubai and the other six emirates that make up the UAE. Her Excellency Ohood bint Khalfan Al Roumi has held the position since it was introduced in 2016.
- In 1991, Dubai World Trade Centre was the only skyscraper in Dubai. Three decades later, there are 215 skyscrapers across the city.
- Fuel is only slightly more expensive than water.
- Dubai’s land area has increased. Dubai covered an area of 3,900 square kilometres, but due to land reclamation and the construction of man-made islands, the emirate has increased to a size of 4,114 square kilometres.
- There are no permanent rivers in Dubai.
- In 1968, Only 13 cars were registered in Dubai.
- Only non-Muslims are allowed to buy and consume alcohol and pork.
- Kissing or holding hands in public is illegal and can result in fines or deportation.
DID YOU KNOW? Some of the 18 amazing things you probably didn’t know about Armenia
- It’s home to the world’s oldest winery
- It was the first nation to adopt Christianity
- It is called the “land of churches”
- Chess is part of the curriculum
- It lost 1.5 million people in the Armenian Genocide
- More Armenians live abroad than in Armenia
- It has celebrity connections (Aznavour, Cher, Agassi, Kardashian..)
- Armenians think they know where Noah’s Ark is
- It has one of the world’s oldest capitals
- It is known as the “Pink City”
- Churchill had a taste for Armenian cognac
- In fact Armenian cognac oiled the wheels of Yalta
- It has a record-breaking cable car (Tatev Aerial Tramway, which clocks in at 5,752 m long)
- You can go skiing there (27km of slopes)
- It’s big on birds (home to 345 of Europe’s estimated 530 bird species. Highlights include falcons, swans and eagles)
- Its bread Lavash is Unesco-listed
- It boasts the largest lake in the Caucasus (Lake Sevan covers 1/6 of Armenia territory)
- It has three (3) Unesco World Heritage Sites (monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin; the cathedral and churches of Echmiatsin and the archaeological site of Zvartnots; and the monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley)
Armenia is a land of mysticism that will at once capture your imagination evoking past centuries, while awakening your senses to the present.
Armenia is a country with ancient history and rich culture. It is one of the oldest countries in the world. Scientific research, numerous archaeological findings and old manuscripts prove that the Armenian Highlands are the very Cradle of Civilization. In fact, the world’s oldest leather shoe (5,500 years old), sky observatory (7,500 years old), depictions of agriculture (7,500 years old) and wine-making facility (6,100 years old), were all found in the territory of Armenia.
The current Republic of Armenia makes up only a small part of what the historical lands used to hold. Armenians are native to the land of the Armenian Highlands which covers over 400,000 km2.
Since prehistoric times, the territory of Armenia has been populated by different tribes. The first evidence of human settlement in Armenia dates back to 90,000 BC. Further findings in caves and stone inscriptions are a proof of human settlement in Armenia through Paleolithic period.
Yerevan is a delightful capital. Its wide, leafy boulevards are lined with cafés and wine bars where Armenians like to sit chatting late into the night.
Look up to the horizon and there, towering over everything, is the magnificent, awe-inspiring snow-capped peak of Mount Ararat, 5,165m high.
Did you know? Armenians produce what they say is the best brandy in the world, Ararat brandy.
Armenia is home to 345 of Europe’s estimated 530 bird species.
People in France are being asked to vote for their favorite French monument to be revealed in the fourth series of French TV show Le Monument Préféré des Français (The Nation’s Favourite Monument). Presented by Stéphane Bern, the show was aired on France 3 to coincide with the 38th celebration of the European Heritage Days on September 18 and 19.
Forty-two (42) places of exceptional cultural, historical and architectural interest in France were whittled down to 14 in voting which took place between May 25 and June 11. Vying for the position of nation’s favorite monument, the 14 monuments in the grand final are:
- The Rotonde Ferroviaire in Chambéry – Savoie (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes)
- The Hôtel-Dieu Museum – Côte-d’Or (Bourgogne-Franche-Comte)
- The ramparts of Saint-Malo – Ile-et-Vilaine (Brittany)
- The Briare Aqueduct – Loiret (Centre-Val de Loire)
- The Citadel of Bonifacio and the King Aragon Steps – Corse-du-Sud (Corsica)
- Place Stanislas in Nancy – Meurthe-et-Moselle (Grand Est)
- Chateau de Pierrefonds – Oise (Hauts-de-France)
- The Caillebotte Property – Yerres – Essonne (Ile-de-France)
- The Balata Gardens – Fort-de-France – Martinique
- Chateau de Falaise – Calvados (Normandy)
- The towers of La Rochelle – Charente-Maritime (Nouvelle-Aquitaine)
- The Pont du Gard Aqueduct – Gard (Occitanie)
- Passage Pommeraye in Nantes – Loire-Atlantique (Pays de la Loire)
- The Roman Theatre of Orange – Vaucluse (Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur)
Previous winners of Le Monument Préféré des Français have included the Royal Monastery of Brou (Rhône-Alpes), the Belfry of Arras (Nord-Pas-de-Calais), and Belfort Citadel and the Lion of Belfort (Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) in 2014, 2015 and 2020, respectively.
For more details, please click on the links:
TOURISME ET PATRIMOINES
Avec plus de 170 milliards d’euros de consommation touristique en France, le tourisme est un facteur clé de l’économie de la France…. D’où la nécessité de réfléchir à la possibilité d’améliorer les méthodes de travail, l’accueil, l’offre et la promotion touristiques des patrimoines :
- 45 Biens inscrits sur la liste du patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO
- 17 Eléments inscrits sur la liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’UNESCO
- 5 Biens labellisés Patrimoine européen
- 27 Itinéraires culturels du Conseil de l’Europe traversent le territoire
- 23 Centres culturels de rencontres
- 45,684 Monuments historiques (classés et inscrits)
- 300,000 Objets mobiliers protégés au titre des Monuments historiques (classés et inscrits)
- 810 Sites patrimoniaux remarquables
- 2,920 Sites classés
- 4,500 Sites inscrits
- 8,000 Musées
- 202 Villes et Pays d’art et d’histoire
- 245 Edifices labellisés Maisons des illustres
- 2,900 Edifices labellisés Patrimoine du XXème siècle
- 433 Jardins remarquables
- 100 Monuments nationaux
- 51 Parcs naturels régionaux
- 10 Parcs nationaux
- 48 grands sites de France, dont 25 en cours de candidature
- 89 Communes et territoires labellisés Ville et Métiers d’Art
- 71 Sites remarquables du goût
- 191 Petites Cités de Caractère
- 159 Plus beaux villages de France
- 107 Plus beaux détours de France
- 367 Maisons d’écrivains et des patrimoines littéraires
- 1,400 Entreprises du Patrimoine Vivant
ASTE OF PARIS 2021.50 Chefs, Various Culinary Creations at Max. 12 Euro.A four day festival where you can sample some of the most delicious food in Paris in taster sized portions, served by the chefs themselves at their pop-up restaurants. Whether Michelin-starred, trend setters or future young talents, Taste of Paris warmly welcomes today’s most sought-after chefs to bring you a gourmet experience to remember.